Chile – ‘land of fire and ice ‘– is a country of extreme contrasts and some of the most strikingly beautiful landscapes on the planet. This long and narrow country stretches over 5,000 km from north to south with an average width over only about 200 km. It reaches from the Tropic of Capricorn to within a whisper of Antarctica. As Chile’s geography is extreme, so are its highlights. In the north, is the Atacama Desert, the world’s driest desert and home to the ancestral indigenous Inca and pre-Inca cultures.